Tag Archives: Drum Hoops
Triple Flanged Hoop
By far the most common type of hoop is the flanged hoop (normally triple flanged) which is rolled into shape from a single strip of metal, made circular and welded.Equally spaced holes made to accept the [tension rods] are punched into the rim.
This type of hoop has two main advantages, firstly it is cheap and secondly it has a degree of flexibility in use which allows it to provide good contact all around with both head and shell, particularly where a drum is not exactly round or where some lateral torsion is evident.
Generally this type of hoop is found on toms and when playing gives a 'soft' strike and increased rebound.
Flanged hoops are available made out of metals of differing thicknesses, a thicker hoop will act more like a die-cast hoop (see below)
As the name suggests this is cast from molten metal into a mould (die) which is the exact shape and size of the finished rim. This is a very solid piece of hardware and it resonates a a unit which gives greater attack and a sharper more 'brittle' sound to the drum
There is limited flex within the hoop and it is more inclined to show up any inconsistencies in the bearing edge, head and your tuning than you would find with a flanged hoop.
When the drum is struck, lateral vibrations move across the head and hit the hoop, as it is constructed from a solid piece of metal, the sound is not absorbed and is reflected back in towards the centre of the drum again, giving increased overtones and clarity. Die-cast hoops are a love/hate thing, many drummers love the extra ring and bite that it gives them, it certainly facilitates high tuners who want that high more ringy sound, others find them too cutting, it is very much a matter of personal taste.
The other point to consider is that Die-casts will have less of a rebound than a flanged hoop, the head will feel 'harder' requiring increased control by the player.
It is most common to see Die-cast hoops on snare drums as they lend themselves to this type of sound more than rack toms, however some manufacturers such as Gretsch and Premier have used die-casts all around their kits for many years.
Wooden hoops are constructed from plies of wood laminate and are about 3/4" thick. If you think of a very shallow but very thick-shelled laminate drum shell you get the idea. The plies give the hoop strength to withstand the battering they will take and they are much more durable than you would imagine.
They are the opposite of the die-cast hoops, as they impart a 'warmer' tone into the drum by absorbing vibration instead of purely reflecting; they vibrating and impart that vibration in a manner not dissimilar to a shell. These are the most expensive type of hoop available with the exception of gold plated hoops.